I know what you’re thinking… What are all these different types of web? Well let’s break it down:
This was the first stage of the internet. Web 1.0 was a bunch of sites all linked together, however at this stage there was no interactive feature. Web 1.0 was information based hence why it was known as the Information Web.
This is the second stage of the internet, hence the 2.0. Web 2.0 is known by the change from static web pages (a webpage that is delivered to the user exactly as it is stored) to dynamic webpages (webpage that is usually created by an application). Web 2.0 was a step forward so that services were provided in new ways, ways that are much more exciting for the user. Web 2.0 is commonly known as the Social Web. Why? Well because this was when we saw the growth of Social Media during this time. Web 2.0 led to Communicative web. People were able to communicate with one another not just read online.
If you haven’t already guessed it, Web 3.0 is the next step in the evolution of the internet. Web 3.0 is the defined by Nova Spivack as “Connective intelligence; connecting data, concepts, applications and ultimately people”. Web 3.0 is also known as the Sematic Web. What is this you ask? Well the basic idea of the Sematic web is to “add meaning (hence sematic) to web content in such a way that computers can process the content and execute tasks using powerful applications and services” (Web 2.0 and beyond: Principles and technologies, 2012, p. 296). This is where Artificial intelligence comes in. This sematic web has led to the misconception that they are trying to bring artificial intelligence into the web. However, the goal is not to create a software that understands everything, but a way to “assist humans in their day-today activities” (Antoniou and Harmelen, 2004). (Web 2.0 and beyond: Principles and technologies, 2012, p. 297).
Internet of Things
What is it? Well the Internet of Things (IoT) is the interconnection through the internet in everyday objects, enabling them to send and receive data. You may also be thinking, how does this relate to Web 2.0 and 3.0. Well IoT is about “connecting physical objects to the web” (Web 2.0 and beyond: Principles and technologies, 2012, p. 311) and Web 2.0 is about connecting people. Then we look at 3.0, where this could be about connecting things to things and people to things.
What is the relationship of information architecture to Web 2.0 and 3.0?
Information Architecture is the design of the information that is shared on a webpage. According to The Information Architect Institute, it is “the practice of deciding how to arrange the parts of something to be understandable”. IA relates to web 2.0 because the sites are based around the social side of the internet. Sites need to be easy to move through and easy to connect to one another. IA relates to web 3.0 because with web 3.0 we see the growth of the internet and the need for better connection to people and their devices. Data can be shared in a more personal way and also increase the usability of the webpages.
What about Web 4.0 and 5.0?
Web 4.0? Really? Well we haven’t quite got to that stage yet, as they predict that web 4.0 will come into play between 2020 and 2030. But Web 4.0 will be known as the Mobile Web. Then there will eventually be Web 5.0. This will be about the emotional interaction between humans and computers. The interaction will become common for a lot of people. We have a lot to look forward too!
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